Botanical Name: Tropaeolum majus
Native: South America
Hardiness: Frost-sensitive, tender perennial usually grown as an annual; perennial in USDA zones 10 and warmer.
Plant Dimensions: 10″–12″ tall, about as wide
Variety Information: 1½”–2″ blooms in shades of creamy white, buttery yellow, and butterscotch-orange.
Exposure: Full Sun to Part Shade
Bloom Period: Blooms late spring to frost
Attributes: Attracts Pollinators, Rabbit and Deer Resistant, Edible Flower
When to Sow Outside: RECOMMENDED. 1 to 2 weeks after your average last frost date. Mild Climates: Sow in fall for winter bloom. Ideal soil temperature for germination is 55°–65°F.
When to Start Inside: Not recommended. 2 to 4 weeks before your average last frost date. Roots sensitive to transplant disturbance; sow in biodegradable pots that can be directly planted in the ground.
Days to Emerge: 7 – 14 Days
Seed Depth: ½” – 1″
Seed Spacing: A group of 3 seeds every 8″ ?–12″
Thinning: When 2″ tall, thin to 1 every 8″ ?–12″
Special Care: Soak seed in water for 12 to 24 hours before sowing. Darkness aids germination; sow at the recommended depth.