Botanical Name: Calendula officinalis
Native: Probably the Mediterranean region
Hardiness: Frost-tolerant annual; may reseed to come back following year.
Plant Dimensions: 8″ tall
Variety Information: 1½”–2½” double orange, cream, and yellow blossoms with orange tips
Exposure: Full sun
Bloom Period: Spring to frost
Attributes: Attracts Pollinators, Deer Resistant, Drought Tolerant, Edible Flower, Good for Containers
When to Sow Outside: Cold Climates: 2 to 4 weeks before your average last frost date. Mild Climates: Early spring for summer bloom and late summer for winter bloom. Ideal soil temperature for germination is 68°–85°F.
When to Start Inside: 4 to 6 weeks before your average last frost date; recommended for cold climates.
Days to Emerge: 5–15 days
Seed Depth: ¼”–½”
Seed Spacing: A group of 4 seeds every 8″
Thinning: When 2″ tall, thin to 1 every 8″