Botanical Name: Chenopodium quinoa
Days to Maturity: 90–120 days
Native: Southern and western South America
Hardiness: Frost-tolerant annual
Plant Dimensions: 4’–7′ tall, 18″–24″ wide
Variety Information: 4″–12″ flower heads in colors of hot pink, royal burgundy, red, pumpkin orange, light yellow, creamy white, lime green.
Bloom Period: Flowerheads appear in late summer, and last until first hard freeze.
Attributes: Deer Resistant
When to Sow Outside: RECOMMENDED. Cold Climates: 1 to 2 weeks after your average last frost date, and when soil temperature is 45°–50°F. Mild Climates: Sow in winter for maturity prior to summer’s heat.
When to Start Inside: 1 to 2 weeks before your average last frost date.
Days to Emerge: 3–4 days
Seed Depth: ¼”
Seed Spacing: A group of 2 seeds every 12″–18″
Thinning: When 1″ tall, thin to 1 every 12″–18″
Harvesting: Quinoa is ready to harvest about 90 to 120 days after sowing, when the leaves have fallen, leaving just the dried seedheads. Harvest before heavy autumn precipitation and before seeds start falling to the ground. Seeds can be easily stripped upwards off the stalk with a gloved hand or shaken out over a bucket.